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Kermanshah Province
The province of Kermanshah or Kermanshahan has an area of 24,641 km2 and lies in the west
 of Iran. It shares borders with Iraq on its west, and neighbors the provinces of Hamedan on the east, Kurdistan on the north and Lorestan and Ilam on the south.
The capital of the province is the city of Kermanshah and its other major cities are: Eslamabade Gharb, Javanrood, Qasre Shirin, Gilane Gharb, Kangavar, Paveh, Sahneh, Sarepolzahab, Songhor and Harsin.
At the time of the latest census, in 1996, the population of this province was 1,778,596, a large number of whom were nomad tribes who migrated seasonally following their sheep and goats in search of grazing land. Indeed, livestock breeding, mainly sheep and goat, is an important economic activity for the people of this province, alongside its agriculture. This province produces considerable quantities of wheat, barley, rice, beetroots, citrus fruits and dates, for the quality of which, the province is well known.
Kermanshah province has remarkably vast mineral deposits, iron and lead ores, alumite and sulphur in particular. It also has many food processing plants and oil refineries which provide jobs for a sizeable number of the inhabitants.
Kermanshah province is on the whole a mountainous region as the Zagross range of mountains runs along its entire length.
The climate in this province is warm in the western parts and cold elsewhere. The average temperature is 15.6°C in spring, 25.3°C in summer, 11.3°C in autumn and 3.3°C in winter. During the last 30 years the maximum absolute temperature recorded was 44°C and the minimum absolute, -27°C. The average annual temperature was 14°C. The average relative humidity at 06:30 hours was 65%, and at 12:30 hours, 37%. The average annual rainfall was 488.4 mm with a maximum daily rainfall of 108 mm. The average number of frosty days was 92.5 and the average number of hours of sunshine over the entire year 2,842.5. The speed of the heaviest wind was 30 meters per second blowing in the direction of 110°. 
 Kermanshah City
The city of Kermanshah lies at an altitude of 1,319 m, 525 km from Tehran. It has been inhabited by different people during the last 4,000 years. In the Sassanid era it was at its peak of glory and prosperity as can be seen from the remains of the period. But, upon the invasion of the Moslem army, Kermanshah, like most other Iranian cities, fell and was captured by the Moslem forces.
In the 13th century, Kermanshah was badly ransacked and devastated at the hands of Mongols. Yet again, in the 15th century it was invaded by the Ottoman army.
The city began to grow and once again prosper from the beginning of the 18th century as the Qajar dynasty came to power. In the eight-year war that the Iraqis waged against Iran in 1980, many cities and towns were severely damaged, including Kermanshah which sustained air-attacks and damages caused by missiles.
Carpet, kilim, jajim and giveh weaving, engraving, glass blowing, leather making and wood works are among major industries of this province