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Isfahan Province
The Province of Isfahan covers an area of 107,027 km2 and lies in the central parts of the Iranian plateau. It is surrounded by the provinces of Semnan, Qom and the Central on the north; Fars and Kohgilouye-va-Boirahmad on the south; Yazd and Khorasan on the east; and Chaharmahal-va-Bakhtiyari on the west. The capital of this province is the historic city of Isfahan. The other major cities of this province are: Ardestan, Barkhar-va-Meymeh, Khomeini Shahr, Khansar, Samirom, Shahreza, Fereidoun Shahr, Faridan, Falavarjan, Kashan, Golpaigan, Mobarakeh, Naien, Najaf Abad, Natanz.
According to the latest census, carried out in 1996, the population of this province was then 3,923,255. The language of the majority of its people is Persian, but small minorities speak Armenian and Azari as well.
Isfahan province has a dry and moderate climate. The largest and most arid desert land of Iran, which lies on the northwestern parts of Isfahan, influences the climatic condition of the north of this province. The outstanding features of this climate are: little rainfall and heavy winds. Moving towards southern parts of this province, the amount of rainfall and the humidity gradually increases and the temperature declines. The average temperature in this province is 19.3°C in spring, 27.2°C in summer, 12.4°C in autumn, and 5.7°C in winter.
In a study carried out over a 30-year period (1966-1995), the average temperature in Isfahan province was estimated at 16.3°C; average relative humidity at 06:30 hours, 54% and at 12:30 hours, 29%; average annual rainfall was 122.7 mm; maximum amount of rainfall on a single day, 48 mm; average number of days with the temperature below 0°C, 69.1; average number of hours of sunshine over the entire year, 3,233.2; maximum wind speed, 29 meters per second, blowing in the direction of 300°. 
 Isfahan City
This city, the capital of Isfahan province, is one of the most prominent cities of Iran as regards both industrial activity, and beauty, especially of its historic monuments. Before Islam, Isfahan was the capital of one of the major provinces of the region.
Isfahan was captured by the Moslem army in 20 H.G. (circa 640 AD). It was chosen as the capital of Deylaman and Seljuq dynasties in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The Mongol army occupied this city and massacred its people in 1241 A.D. Later it was subject to the aggressions of Teymour Lang's (Tamerlane's) army. Shah Abbas I chose Isfahan as the capital in 1591 A.D. Henceforth the golden period of Isfahan began and it became one of the most prominent cities of Iran. The monuments left from that period have turned this city into Iran's richest historic center. It has a large number of splendid palaces, grand mosques, caravanserais and bridges, most of which are considered as masterpieces of Moslem-Iranian art, and memorials of this period of Isfahan's history.
After the overthrow of the Savafid era, and the capture of Isfahan by Mahmood Afghan, this magnificent civilization fell into decadence. In Qajar era, when the capital was transferred from Isfahan to Tehran, this city did not develop further. However, as a grand treasure in the center of Iran, Isfahan is still a great source of attraction.
Isfahan province is considered as one of the major centers for production and export of handicrafts. Its handicrafts have become famous throughout the world. The most essential handicrafts of Isfahan are carpet weaving, tile making, inlaid work, enamel work, miniatures, brocaded silk weaving, crocheting, embroidery, silver work and cloth printing