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Khouzestan Province
This province covers an area of 63,213 km2 and lies in the southwest of Iran, north of the Persian Gulf. It is surrounded by Iraq on the west, and the provinces of Ilam on the northwest, Lorestan on the north, Isfahan on the northeast, Kohgilouyeh-va-Boirahmad and Cheharmahl-va-Bakhtiyari on the east and Boushehr on the southeast. The capital of this province is the city of Ahwaz, and its other major towns are Abadan, Andimeshk, Iyzeh, Bagh Malek, Mahshahr Port, Behbahan, Dashte Azadegan, Dezfoul, Khorramshahr, Masjed Soleyman, Ramhormoz, Shadegan, Shoush(Susa) and Shoushtar.
According to the latest census carried out in 1996, the population of this province at that time was 3,746,772. Thanks to its many major rivers, Khouzestan has prosperous agriculture. The major produce of this province are grains, sugar cane, dates and citrus fruits. As the province is partly situated on the Persian Gulf and also has many important rivers, fishing plays a significant role in the lives of many of its inhabitants.
Khouzestan is one of the regions which are rich in oil, and so numerous petrochemical and chemical industries are engaged in the related activities, in this province. Abadan Refinery, Bandar Imam Petrochemical Complex, Abadan Petrochemical Plant, Bid-Boland Gas Refinery, Masjed Soleyman's Distillation Plant, Razi Chemical Complex and Khark Chemical Complex are amongst the major industrial units. In addition to oil and gas reserves, this province has diverse mineral deposits such as salt, silica, limestone and gypsum.
Zagross highlands, running along the north and east of the province, influence its climatic conditions. The south and west of Khouzestan province are flat lands.
The average temperature in Ahwaz is 28.1°C in spring, 35.5°C in summer, 21.4°C in autumn and 14°C in winter. Most of Khouzestan province is located in warm and semi-desert regions. In the past 30 years, the maximum absolute temperature in Ahwaz has been 54°C. The average annual temperature in this city is 25°C; average relative humidity at 06:30 hours, 62% and at 12:30 hours, 34%; average annual rainfall, 244.2 mm; maximum amount of rainfall on a single day, 77 mm; average number of days with temperature below 0°C, 1.3; average number of hours of sunshine over the entire year, 2,941.7; maximum wind speed, 34 meters per second, blowing in the direction of 180°.
Abadan, Khorramshahr and Mahshahr are the main ports of Khouzestan Province.
The city of Shoush in this province is one the oldest and most important civilizations of the world. It was chosen as a capital in the Ilami era. Through archeological excavations in the hills of Shoush, a large number of valuable items have been discovered. Also, the tomb of Daniel the prophet is situated there.

Ahwaz City

Ahwaz, the capital of Khouzestan province, is 12 m above sea level and lies at a distance of 881 km from Tehran. It is one of the oldest cities of Iran and used to be called Okssin in the times before Christ. In the Sassanid era, this city enjoyed glory and prosperity. Since Ahwaz lies close to the sea, it is one of the most prominent cities as regards commerce and trade.
Ahwaz has experienced many tragic events during the course of history. Regional uprisings and attacks by foreign forces have often caused heavy damages to this city. The Ottomans occupied Khouzestan late 19th century, and parts of the province including Ahwaz was captured by the English early 20th century. Today, Ahwaz is a major city with a modern infrastructure, such as airport, railway,...

The major handicraft of this province is cloth weaving. Its other handicrafts are making gold and silver ornamental items, kilim and carpet weaving, and mat making.