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Geographical Position, Khorassan Razavi Province 
The province of Khorassan Razavi, located in the northeast of Iran covering  an area of 150,000 sq. km., is one the most important provinces of the country. The townships of this province are Bardeskan, Taibad , Torbat Jaam , Torbat Heydarieh , Chenaran , Khaaf , Daregaz , Sabzevar , Sarakhs , Shirvan , Tabas , Ferdows , Fariman, Quchan , Kashmar , Gonabad , Mashad and Nayshabur. Mashad being the capital city, where the shrine of his Holiness Imam Reza (AS) the eighth Imam of the Shiite sect is situated. 
In 1996 about  4,500,000  people resided in Khorassan Razavi of which approximately 56% resided in urban areas and 43% in rural areas, the remaining were non-residents or migratory tribes. This province can be divided into two sections regarding its natural features: The northern section which has a mountainous terrain, though its lower plains are suitable for agricultural purpose and animal husbandry .The southern section comprises of low hills and plains with poor vegetation.
Climate, Khorassan Razavi Province 
Climatically this province is variable in weather. Located in a north temperate zone, the temperature increases from north to south but the annual rainfall decreases. For example Hezarmasjed and Binalood heights experience cold and mountainous weather, whereas in some parts of Mashad, Quchan, southern Binalood and Hezarmasjed Mountains a temperate, mountainous climate exists. Qaenat and mountain side areas have a mild, semi-arid climate while the southern zones are warm, dry and arid. 

Mashhad City
Mashhad, the capital of Khorasan province, is 970 m above sea level and at a distance of 924 km from Tehran. It is one of the most important and largest cities of Iran. The meaning of Mashhad is "the place of martyrdom". In 817 A.D., Imam Reza (peace be upon him), the 8th Imam of the Shias, was martyred in this city. Since Shias feel great respect and love for their Imams, Mashhad developed into a large and prominent city. At first Mashhad was one of the dependencies of the city of Toos, which was subjected to invasion by different aggressors. The Mongol invasion turned it into ruins, and its people gradually moved to the region now known as Mashhad.
Furthermore, the shrine of Imam Reza (peace be upon him) attracts a large number of visitors from all over Iran and other Moslem countries.

Culture and literature
Khorasan has always been one of the centers of Persian language and culture. It has raised a large number of poems and writers, who have played effective roles in the cultural richness of Iran. Ferdowsi, the great epic poem; Hakim Omar Khayyam, whose "robaiyats" have become famous throughout the world; Attar Neyshabouri, one of the greatest Iranian Sufis; Haj Mola Hadi Sabzevari, an Islamic philosopher; Imam Mohammad Ghazali, the great philosopher; Mehdi Akhavan Saless, a contemporary poet; Dr. Mohamad Reza Shafi'ie Kadkani, an outstanding contemporary poet and researcher, and many other scientists, poets, Sufis, etc...are among those who emerged in Khorasan and who have contributed to the development of the Iranian-Islamic culture.

The province of Khorasan enjoys special fame for its handicrafts. The most significant handicraft of Khorasan is carpet weaving, Khorasan weavers having innovated a new style for themselves. Other major handicrafts of Khorasan are pottery, kilim weaving, stone-work, turquoise cutting, felt making and hand weaving.