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Sistan-va-Baluchestan Province

This province lies in the southeast of Iran on the border with Pakistan, and covers an area of 178,431km2. It is surrounded by the Sea of Oman to its south, Pakistan and Afghanistan to its east, the provinces of Kerman and Hormozgan to its west and Khorasan to its north.
The capital of this province is the city of Zahedan. It also has seven large cities and 16 towns. The cities include Chahbahar, Khash, Iranshahr, Nikshahr, Saravan, Zabol and Zahedan. This is the second largest province of Iran, in area.
In 1996, this province had a population of about 1,722,579. The region north of the province is known as Sistan, and the central and southern parts as Baluchestan. Some of the inhabitants of this province are migrating nomads.
Wheat, barley, alfalfa, dates, grapes, bananas, coconuts, citrus fruits and sugar cane make up the range of the agricultural products of this province. It has considerable mineral deposits especially copper, magnesium, decorative stones, chromite and salt. Its major industries include those of textiles, chemicals, foundry and food.
This province is one of Iran's warmest. The warmest city in this province, Iranshahr, has an average annual temperature of 27°C while the temperature in Zahedan, the coolest city, is 18.2°C. The maximum absolute temperature in Iranshahr passes beyond 50°C, at times.
The average relative humidity in Zahedan at 06:30 hours is 48% and at 12:30 hours, 23%; average annual rainfall is 84 mm; maximum amount of rainfall on a single day, 52 mm; average number of frosty days, 55.2; and the average number of hours of sunshine over the entire year is 3,176. The maximum wind speed is 32.5 meters per second, blowing in the direction of 220°.
In other parts of this province (besides Zahedan) the temperature rarely falls to zero. For example, the average temperature in Iranshahr during the coldest season is 16.6°C. 
Zahedan City

Zahedan, the capital of the province, which lies at a height of 1,268 m above sea level, 1,605 km from Tehran, is a relatively new city and does not have much of a history. The region of Sistan, in the north, however, has a history that goes back to the era of the Achaemendis when it was a very prosperous area.
The mythical hero of Iran, Rostam, a character created by the country's greatest epic poet, Ferdowsi, is supposed to have come from Sistan. The region was conquered by the Moslem army circa 644 AD. Later in history, it suffered a great deal at the hands of the Mongols.
The central and southern parts of the province, known as Baluchestan, have a long history of some 5,000 years.

The main handicrafts of this province are kilim, carpet and cushion weaving, mat making, pottery and tent making.